In many parts of the world general aviation plays an important part in connecting smaller communities and cities, with the more populated areas. Roads may be few and in bad conditions, or missing totally. The United States and Canada utilises general aviation on a big scale. General aviation refers to all flights other than military, scheduled airline flights and regular cargo flights. It covers a large range of activities, such as private flying and training, air ambulance and police flights, firefighting and bush flying, gliders, powered parachutes and experimental aircraft.
In 2005 general aviation in the United States suffered 1.31 fatal accidents for every 100,00 flight (source: U.S. National Transportation Safety Board). Pilot training is an important aspect of preventing accidents, and the pilots personal judgement obviously comes into play, especially when the circumstances are unfavorable.